The relationship between EMG high frequency and low frequency band amplitude changes correlates with tissue inorganic phosphate levels
Assessing inorganic phosphate levels seems crucial in deciphering the biochemical state of organisms or tissues. The concentration of inorganic phosphate in blood is an order of magnitude smaller than in tissues and, on top of that, it is dynamically used to fill temporary gaps in tissues. This is the reason blood inorganic phosphate level is considered a poor proxy for tissue levels. Therefore, tissue biopsy seems to be the dominant method when assessing inorganic phosphate levels for instance in muscles. In this study, we attempted to derive a non-invasive biomarker for phosphate tissue levels. We analyzed surface electromyography signals taken during 31P spectroscopy of leg muscles in five adult pigs. We induced hypophosphatemia via 20 minutes-long hyperventilation. It turned out that the proportion of the amplitude of the low frequency band and the high frequency band is significantly (p=0.002) correlated with the relative phosphate levels. The electromyographic signal did not correlate significantly with pCO2 levels in the blood, suggesting that the changes in the signal are a result of inorganic phosphate levels, not hyperventilation. The results might lead to the development of a real-time phosphate fluctuations measurement procedure.
Copyright (c) 2023 Małgorzata Habich, Bartosz Pawlinski, Kamil Lorenc, Maria Sady, Katarzyna Siewruk, Piotr Zielenkiewicz, Zdzislaw Gajewski, Jaroslaw Poznanski, Leszek Paczek, Pawel Szczesny
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