miRNA-301 As a molecule promoting necrotizing enterocolitis by inducing inflammation
Objective: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating inflammatory disease with high morbidity and mortality, mainly affecting premature infants. This study aimed to explore the role of miRNA-301a in the pathogenesis of NEC. Methods: The differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs were screened by collating RNA-Seq data from the GEO database of intestinal tissue samples. The differential miRNA-mRNAs regulatory network was constructed based on functional enrichment analysis. Newborn BALB/c mice were used to establish the NEC model. Haematoxylin and eosin staining was used to assess intestinal damage. The levels of IL-8 and TNF-α in mouse serum were evaluated by ELISA. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of miRNA-301a in intestinal tissues. Results: Bioinformatics analysis showed that miRNA-301a was involved in intestinal lesions. Intestinal tissue damage was reduced and serum levels of the inflammatory cytokines IL-8 and TNF-α were lower in NEC model mice treated with miRNA-301a antagonists. The level of miRNA-301a in intestinal tissues of NEC model mice was significantly higher than in the control group and miRNA-301a antagonists treated group. Conclusion: miRNA-301a plays an important role in the pathogenesis of NEC by promoting inflammation, and is a potential therapeutic target of NEC.
Copyright (c) 2023 Dajun Zou, Fude Hu, Qili Zhou, Xiaoqing Xu
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