Formononetin enhances the chemosensitivity of triple negative breast cancer via BTB domain and CNC homolog 1-mediated mitophagy pathways
This study aimed to investigate the effects of formononetin on triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). Clinical samples were collected from patients with TNBC. Overall survival rates were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Gene expression was determined using immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence and western blot. Cellular functions were determined using CCK-8, colony formation and propidium iodide (PI) staining. Xenograft assay was performed to further verify the effects of formononetin (FM) on TNBC. We found that FM combined therapy suppressed the metastasis of TNBC and increased the overall survival rates of TNBC patients. Moreover, FM suppressed the proliferation and induced mitochondrial damage and apoptosis of TNBC cells. FM increased the expression of the BTB domain and CNC homolog 1 (BACH1) in TNBC tissues as well as cells. However, BACH1 knockdown antagonized the effects of FM and promoted the survival of TNBC cells. FM suppressed the tumor growth of TNBC. Taken together, FM suppressed the aggressiveness of TNBC via BACH1/p53 signaling. Therefore, FM may be an alternative strategy for TNBC.
Copyright (c) 2023 Shan Li, Linlian Zhu, Yufeng He, Ting Sun
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