MiR-135a is highly expressed and aggravates inflammatory response in sepsis by targeting MYOM1

  • Sheng Chen 1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fujian Medical University, Union Hospital, Fuzhou, 350001, China; 2Key Laboratory of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Fujian Medical University, Fujian Province University, Fuzhou, 350001, China
  • Han Zhang College of Life Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, 350001, China
  • Haoming Li College of Life Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, 350001, China


Background: Our research attempted to explore the effect of miR-135a on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced THP-1cells damage and its potential mechanism. Methods: LPS (1 μg/mL) was selected to mimic the injury of sepsis in vitro. qRT-PCR was used to detect miR-135a expression. The association between miR-135a and Myomesin 1 (MYOM1) was speculated bythe predication website and confirmed by the dual-luciferase assay. MYOM1 expression was observed by qRT-PCR and western blotting assays. The biological properties of THP-1cells were analyzed by cell counting kit-8 and flow cytometry assays. The concentration of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8 in cell supernatant was calculated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: A marked augmentation of miR-135a was observed in LPS-induced THP-1 cells. Moreover, depletion of miR-135a alleviated the LPS-induced THP-1 cells injury from the perspective of improving cell viability and reducing cell apoptosis. Importantly, MYOM1, which was under expressed in LPS-induced THP-1 cells, was identified as a target of miR-135a and negatively regulated by miR-135a. Additionally, the mitigative impact of miR-135a inhibitor on THP-1cells damage triggered by LPS was suppressed by MYOM1 depletion. Conclusions: Our study suggested that the protective effect of miR-135a inhibitor on LPS-induced THP-1 cells injury was realized by regulation of MYOM1, which might afford a pair of novel molecules for sepsis clinical diagnosis.