Krüppel-like factor 4 promotes the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs through SOX2/IGF2 pathway
Objectives: Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have multi-lineage differentiation potential and have been widely researched in regenerative medicine. The purpose of this research was to explore whether Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) can regulate the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Methods: We transfected human BMSCs with KLF4 overexpression plasmid and si-KLF4 to study the effects of KLF4. We performed cell proliferation assay, flow cytometry and Alizarin Red staining on BMSCs. Quantitative real-time PCR and western blot was performed to determined mRNA and protein expression of osteogenic differentiation markers, KLF4, SOX2 and IGF2. Bone defect animal model was created and the adenovirus containing KLF4 overexpression or knockdown plasmid was injected. Finally, HE staining was performed on tibia to assess the new bone formation. Results: Our results showed that KLF4 promotes not only the growth of BMSCs, but also their osteogenic differentiation. Also, it mediated these effects through SOX2/IGF2 signaling pathway. In addition, KLF4 overexpression could increase the bone regeneration in in-vivo model, whereas KLF4 knockdown decreased the bone regeneration. Conclusions: KLF4 regulates BMSC’s osteogenic differentiation via SOX2/IGF2 pathway.
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