The “Fourth Musketeer”. Bioethics: Within life sciences – or above? A choice to make now

  • Gregor Becker Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland


The article deals with the different organisational units in current bioethics, and their main characteristics concerning life sciences. Three out of four organisational units of current bioethics jeopardise the autonomy of life sciences by establishing rules, regulations and laws, regulating and restricting life sciences. Only the integration of bioethics in life science serves the interests of life sciences.