The chromatin accessibility landscape in the dental pulp of mouse molars and incisors
The dental pulp is a promising source of progenitor cells for regenerative medicine. The natural function of dental pulp is to produce odontoblasts to generate reparative dentin. Stem cells within the pulp tissue originate from the migrating neural crest cells and possess mesenchymal stem cell properties with the ability to differentiate into multiple lineages. To elucidate the transcriptional control mechanisms underlying cell fate determination, we compared the transcriptome and chromatin accessibility in primary dental pulp tissue derived from 5-6-day-old mice. Using RNA sequencing and assay for transposase-accessible chromatin using sequencing (ATAC-seq), we correlated gene expression with chromatin accessibility. We found that the majority of ATAC-seq peaks were concentrated at genes associated with development and cell differentiation. Most of these genes were highly expressed in the mouse dental pulp. Surprisingly, we uncovered a group of genes encoding master transcription factors that were not expressed in the dental pulp but retained open chromatin states. Within this group, we identified key developmental genes important for specification of the neural crest, adipocyte, neural, myoblast, osteoblast and hepatocyte lineages. Collectively, our results uncover a complex relationship between gene expression and the chromatin accessibility landscape in the mouse dental pulp.
Copyright (c) 2022 Pujan Joshi, Anushree Vijaykumar, Badam Enkhmandakh, Dong-Guk Shin, Mina Mina, Dashzeveg Bayarsaihan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Acta Biochimica Polonica is an open access quarterly and publishes four issues a year. All contents are distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0) license. Everybody may use the content following terms: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made, ShareAlike — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original. There are no additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
Copyright for all published papers © stays with the authors.
Copyright for the journal: © Polish Biochemical Society.