Transferrin gene polymorphisms alter the transferrin focusing pattern, making congenital disorder of glycosylation diagnosis difficult
Background: Several transferrin gene polymorphisms are known to result in a shifted IEF pattern. The aim of this study was to characterize the transferrin gene polymorphisms observed in patients from one referral center. Materials and methods: Patients with solely increased pentasialo-Tf were selected. The whole exome sequencing was done from probands (patients) and from DNA available from their parents. Results: Two various polymorphisms in the transferrin gene: c.2012G>A, p.Gly671Glu and c.1027C>T, p.Arg343Trp, were found. Conclusions: Two transferrin gene polymorphisms: c.2012G>A, p.(Gly671Glu) and c.1027C>T, p.(Arg343Trp) solely correspond to an elevated pentasialo-Tf.
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