Isolation and identification of guaiacol producing Alicyclobacillus fastidiosus strains from orchards in Poland
The genus Alicyclobacillus comprises a group of Gram-positive, thermo-acidophilic bacteria that are capable of producing highly resistant endospores during unfavorable environmental conditions. The members of this genus inhabit natural environments, including hot springs and soils. The main reason behind the spoilage of final commercial fruit products by Alicyclobacillus is the contamination of fruits with soil at the time of harvesting. Some of the Alicyclobacillus species, including Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris, are categorized as spoilage bacteria due to their ability to produce off-flavor compounds (e.g., guaiacol and halophenols) that adversely affect the taste and aroma of beverages. In our study, Alicyclobacillus species were isolated from Polish orchard soils and fruits and were subjected to 16S rDNA sequencing. The results of the analysis showed that the isolated strains belonged to A. acidoterrestris and Alicyclobacillus fastidiosus species. All the three isolated strains of A. fastidiosus (f1, f2, f3) exhibited similar morphological and biochemical properties as the strain described in the literature. However, these isolated strains were able to produce guaiacol at temperatures of 20°C, 25°C, and 45°C. Thus, the strains of A. fastidiosus discovered in the present study can be included in the group of spoilage species as they possessed the gene responsible for the production of guaiacol.
Copyright (c) 2021 Barbara Sokolowska, Marzena Połaska, Agnieszka Dekowska
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