miR-590-3p Alleviates diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain by targeting RAP1A and suppressing infiltration by the T cells
Background: MicroRNAs play a crucial role in diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain (DPNP). miR-590-3p is a novel miRNA and involved in multiple diseases. However, the pathological mechanism of miR-590-3p in DPNP needs to be elucidated. Materials and methods: The db/db mice and db/m mice were selected to mimic diabetes and control, respectively, for in vivo studies. The miR-590-3p agomir was injected into db/db mice and pain-related behavioral tests were performed. The interaction of miR-590-3p with target gene was confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. The expression of target gene was determined by qRT-PCR and western blot assay. The levels of inflammatory cytokines were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: miR-590-3p was down-regulated in diabetic peripheral neuropathy mice. More importantly, miR-590-3p agomir alleviated pain-related behavior, reduced TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 concentrations, and inhibited neural infiltration by immune cells in db/db mice. Interestingly, RAP1A was predicted to be the target of miR-590-3p by Targetscan, and was actually regulated by miR-590-3p. Finally, the rescue experiments proved that overexpression of RAP1A partially abrogated the suppressive impact of miR-590-3p on T cells proliferation and migration. Conclusion: miR-590-3p ameliorates DPNP via targeting RAP1A and inhibiting T cells infiltration, indicating that exogenous miR-590-3p may be a potential candidate for clinical treatment of DPNP.
Copyright (c) 2020 Yihua Wu, Ye Gu, Bimin Shi
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