Dietary Lactobacillus plantarum LS/07 and inulin in the management of chronic disease risk factors
The aim of this study was to investigate the possibilities of modification of chronic disease risk factors with probiotic strain Lactobacillus plantarum LS/07 and prebiotic inulin in rats with western high fat diet. The Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: control group (CG group), group with high fat diet (HFD group), group receiving high fat diet in combination with Lactobacillus plantarum LS/07 (HFD+PRO group), and group receiving high fat diet in combination with oligofructose enriched inulin (HFD+PRE group). The activity of β-glucuronidase, lipid parameters, bile acids, oxLDL, short chain fatty acids, and counts of coliforms and lactobacilli were determined. High fat diet as a key risk factor of chronic diseases had adverse effect on expression of metabolic and biochemical parameters. Dietary intake of Lactobacillus plantarum LS/07 (HFD+PRO group) and inulin (HFD+PRE group) suppressed weight gain of rats. In HFD+PRO group, the level of total cholesterol (P<0.001), LDL-CH (P<0.05), oxLDL (P<0.001), total bile acids (P<0.001) were statistically significantly decreased, while the production of short chain fatty acids was enhanced. Changes in the selected parameters exhibited a similar tendency also in the HFD+PRE group. Activity of β-glucuronidase was statistically significantly decreased (P<0.001) in the HFD+PRE group. Lactobacillus plantarum LS/07 and inulin caused a statistically significant increase in the count of lactobacilli (P<0.001) and a decrease in the number of coliforms (P<0.001). These results indicate Lactobacillus plantarum LS/07 and inulin could be used in diet for human and animals as an important nutritional supplement or in medicinal products.
Copyright (c) 2020 Emilia Hijova, Ladislav Strojný, Izabela Bertková, Alojz Bomba, Jana Štofilová
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Acta Biochimica Polonica is an Open Acess Journal published on Creative Commons Atribution and Share Alike Licence