Coincidence of 3-methylglutaconic aciduria and duplication 5q – a case report and literature review
3-methylglutaconic aciduria includes a heterogeneous group of inborn errors of metabolism. The disease may have various clinical presentations, as can duplication 5q. We present the case of a 13-year-old boy with 3-methylglutaconic aciduria and duplication 5q. The main symptoms included myopathy, weakness, spastic paresis intensified mostly in the lower limbs, and intellectual disability. Additional studies showed elevated levels of 3-methylglutaconic acid in urine and ammonia in plasma. A duplication in region 5q23.3q31.1 was found in array-based comparative genomic hybridization. Next-generation sequencing did not reveal any pathological mutation. On the basis of the clinical picture and the results of biochemical and genetic tests 3-methylglutaconic aciduria type IV with duplication 5q was diagnosed.
Copyright (c) 2020 Paweł Zapolnik, Jolanta Sykut-Cegielska, Antoni Pyrkosz
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