Biological activity of Nod factors
Chemically, the Nod factors (NFs) are lipochitooligosaccharides, produced mainly by bacteria of the Rhizobium genus. They are the main signaling molecules involved in the initiation of symbiosis between rhizobia and legume plants. Nod factors affect plant tissues at very low concentrations, even as low as 10–12 mol/L. They induce root hair deformation, cortical cell division, and root nodules’ formation in the host plant. At the molecular level, the cytoskeleton is reorganized and expression of genes encoding proteins called nodulins is induced in response to Nod factors in the cell. Action of Nod factors is highly specific because it depends on the structure of a particular Nod factor involved, as well as the plant receptor reacting with it.
Copyright (c) 2020 Dominika Kidaj, Mikolaj Krysa , Katarzyna Susniak , Joanna Matys , Iwona Komaniecka , Anna Sroka-Bartnicka
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