Effect of glycosaminoglycans accumulation on the non-oxidative sulfur metabolism in mouse model of Sanfilippo syndrome, type B

  • Marta Kaczor-Kamińska Chair of Medical Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University, Medical College, Kraków, Poland https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2592-7676
  • Kamil Kamiński Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7421-6758
  • Krystyna Stalińska Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland
  • Maria Wróbel Chair of Medical Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University, Medical College, Kraków, Poland https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7919-2778
  • Arleta Feldman Team Sanfilippo Foundation, Ronkonkoma, New York 11779, United States


Lack of the N-alpha-acetylglucosaminidase gene is responsible for the occurrence of a rare disease – the Sanfilippo syndrome, type B. The result of this gene knock-out is accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) – more specifically heparan sulfate – a sulfate rich macromolecule. The sulfur oxidative pathway is involved in the sulfate groups’ turnover in the cells. In contrast, the non-oxidative sulfur pathway leads mostly to formation of sulfane sulfur-containing compounds. The aim of our research was to observe an interaction between MPS IIIB and non-oxidative sulfur metabolism. In this work, we examined selected tissues (livers, kidneys, hearts and spleens) of 3 month old mice with confirmed accumulation of GAGs. The activity and expression of three sulfurtransferases (components of non-oxidative sulfur metabolism): rhodanese, 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase and cystathionine γ-lyase was determined, as well as the sulfane sulfur level and the level of other low molecular sulfur-containing compounds (reduced and oxidized glutathione, cysteine and cystine). In all tested tissues, the sulfane sulfur and/or sulfurtransferases’ activities, as well as the cysteine content, underwent statistically significant changes. These correlations were also related to the sex of the tested animals. The obtained results indicated that accumulation of incompletely degraded GAGs in the tissues had affected the non-oxidative sulfur metabolism.