Downregulation of long non-coding RNA ZXF1 restricts cell survival by targeting miR-634-GRB2 in lung adenocarcinoma
Increasing evidence demonstrates that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important regulatory roles in mediating initiation and progression of lung adenocarcinoma (LA), which is one of the most lethal in humans. A previous study reported that lncRNAZXF1 was dysregulated in LA and enhanced expression of ZXF1 promoted the invasion and metastasis in LA. However, the effect of ZXF1 on LA progression and its underlying mechanisms were not thoroughly investigated. In our in vitro experiments, qRT-PCR revealed that the expression level of ZXF1 in LA tissues and tumor cells were significantly higher than that in adjacent normal tissues and normal cells. Furthermore, bioinformatics analysis, luciferase reporter assay, western blot and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay showed that ZXF1 could directly interact with miR-634, which targets GRB2. Therefore, we propose that ZXF1 could function as an oncogene partly by sponging miR-634 and therefore regulating GRB2 expression in LA. Overall, this study demonstrated, for the first time, that the lncRNA ZXF1/miR-634/GRB2 axis plays crucial roles in modulating LA progression. Moreover, lncRNA ZXF1 might potentially improve LA prognosis and serve as a therapeutic target for the treatment of LA.
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