Usefulness of the Triglycerides to High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol ratio (TG/HDL-C) in prediction of metabolic syndrome in Polish obese children and adolescents

  • Monika Krawczyk Department of Paediatric and Endocrinology, Medical Univesity of Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland
  • Małgorzata Rumińska Department of Paediatric and Endocrinology, Medical Univesity of Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland
  • Ewelina Witkowska- Sędek Department of Paediatric and Endocrinology, Medical Univesity of Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland
  • Anna Majcher Department of Paediatric and Endocrinology, Medical Univesity of Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland
  • Beata Pyrżak Department of Paediatric and Endocrinology, Medical Univesity of Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland

Abstract

The triglycerides to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (TG/HDL-C) is a useful surrogate marker of insulin resistance and cardiovascular risk factors. We aimed to assess the relationship between the TG/HDL-C ratio and insulin resistance (IR) and its usefulness in prediction of the metabolic syndrome (MS). This retrospective study involved 122 obese children with the mean age of 11.6±3 years and their 58 healthy lean peers. Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, the plasma lipid profile and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were analyzed. Based on the obtained results, the TG/HDL-C ratio and surrogate insulin resistance indices (HOMA-IR, FGIR, QUICKI, OGIS, Matsuda index) were calculated. The TG/HDL-C ratio positively correlated with weight, waist circumference, waist to hip ratio (WHR), lipid profile, HOMA-IR, fasting insulin and insulin measurements during OGTT, and negatively correlated with FGIR, QUICKI, OGIS, and the Matsuda index. Obese children with the TG/HDL-C ratio≥3 (47.5%) had higher values of WHR and HOMA-IR, and lower ones of FGIR, QUICKI, OGIS, and the Matsuda index when compared to their obese peers with the TG/HDL-C<3. The area under the curve (AUC) calculated for each insulin resistance index in prediction of the metabolic syndrome was the largest for the TG/HDL-C ratio (0.8936, 95% Cl:0.809–0.977, p=0.000). For 1 unit increase in the TG/HDL-C ratio, the odds for having MS increased by 2.09 times. The TG/HDL-C ratio is a good surrogate marker of insulin resistance in obese children. When comparing the usefulness of some IR markers in prediction of the metabolic syndrome, the TG/HDL-C ratio seems to be the best one and should be used in clinical practice to identify children at risk of metabolic syndrome development.
Published
2018-11-19
Section
Articles